Located in both New Mexico and Texas, Fort Bliss was first established in 1878. It was occupied by some of the 18th Infantry Division in October of 1893. Over the years, it was home to many different divisions of the U.S. Army. Fort Bliss played a large role in both of the World Wars. During World War One, General Pershing commanded many troops who were stationed there. In World War Two, focus shifted to AAA - anti-aircraft artillery battalions. After that war, it became home to many scientists who participated in Operation Paperclip.
Opened in 1942 on around 100,000 acres of land, Camp Hood was built to test and design anti-tank weapons to counter the German Blitzkrieg during WW2. It was named after Confederate General John Bell Hood who was famous during the Civil War. A few years after opening, anti-tank training stopped growing and was replaced mainly by field artillery battalions and an Infantry Replacement Training Center. It wasn't until 1950 that it was designated as a permanent Army installation and called Fort Hood. During the Korean War, it continued its role as a place to train and prepare troops for war.
One of the Army's oldest installations, Fort Sam Houston was started in the mid 1870s. It was originally just used as a storage depot. During WWI, a lot of aviation innovations were made here. Known to some as the Home of Army Medicine and to others as Home of the Combat Medic, Fort Sam Houston became the primary training facility for the Army after World War 2. Fort Sam Houston is today one of the premiere military medical training facilities in the entire world.
Updated: February 15, 2015
The state of Texas is home to some of the oldest and most well-known military installations in the world. They all are rich in history and continually serves as a home base for soldiers throughout several conflicts of war. Listed below are United States army bases located in the Lone Star State.
Fort Bliss is sprawled across parts of Texas and New Mexico but its headquarters is in El Paso, Texas. This frontier base was established in 1878 and had been occupied by some of the 18th Infantry Division in 1893. Fort Bliss played a large roll in both World Wars I and II, having so many troops stationed there. General John “Black Jack” Pershing took command of the post in 1914. He successfully trained and led the American Expeditionary Forces to victory during World War I in Germany. This particular group of fighters grew from 27,000 to over 2,000,000 men. After World War II, the base housed several German engineers, scientists and engineers who participated in Operation Paperclip. The goal was to employ them in the United States in an effort to deny their German expertise to the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. In 2011 and after 40 years in Germany, the 1st Armored Division returned to the Fort Bliss and called it home. Fort Bliss is one of America’s major deployment centers for soldiers bound for Afghanistan and Iraq.
Located in Killeen, Texas, Fort Hood is one of the largest military posts in the entire world and is home to many units including 1st Cavalry Division and 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment. With nearly 50,000 assigned soldiers and almost 9,000 civilian employees, Fort Hood is virtually a city within a city. The base opened in 1942 and was named after Civil War Confederate General John Bell Hood. A good number of troops are trained and readied for deployment from Fort Hood. Tragedy struck the base in 2009 when a gunman opened fire, killing 13 people while wounding 32 others.
Named after former U.S. Senator and Texas Governor Sam Houston and located in San Antonio, this base originally opened as a storage depot in the 1870s. By World War II, it became a primary training facility and today is known as the “Home of Army Medicine” or “Home of the Combat Medic” with over 25,000 employees. Due to its numerous contributions to the United States, Fort Sam Houston was officially designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1975. Another reason for this prestigious honor is because some of the western world’s oldest buildings still in existence on the post. Since 2011, Fort Sam Houston has become known as the largest and most important military medical training facility across the globe.