Aberdeen Proving Ground is an Army base in Maryland was established as a proving ground in October 20, 1917, soon after the U.S. entered World War 1. It was one of the first proving grounds for the U.S. Army. From World War One to World War Two, Aberdeen Proving Ground proved to be a very important for training soldiers to be ready for what they would face when abroad. Located on just over 70,000 acres of land, the Army installation exists on two peninsulas that are separated by the Bush River.
Fort Detrick is a U.S. Army Medical Command center in Maryland. It started as the home for the U.S. Army Biological Warfare Laboratories (USBWL) in 1943. For the next couple decades, it would serve as home for some of the United State's chemical warfare testing. Especially during World War 2, biological warfare research was the primary purpose of Fort Detrick. After WW2, the government expanded Fort Detrick and continued testing of chemical weapons. Starting in the 1940s, human volunteers were used for research, including many Seventh-day Adventists who were conscientious objectors during the war.
First established in 1917, Fort Meade was named for General George Meade, a commander in the Union Army during the Civil War. When it was first opened it was named Camp Annapolis Junction. Shortly after opening in 1917, it was renamed Camp Admiral then Camp George Gordon Meade. In the early 1920s, it was shortly known as Fort Leonard Wood before becoming Camp George Gordon Meade once again. During World War 2 it was used as a training facility and briefly as a place to hold prisoners of war. In the 1950s, the National Security Agency headquartered at Fort Meade.
Updated: February 12, 2015
Aberdeen Proving Ground, which is in Aberdeen, Maryland, is the Army’s oldest active proving ground. It was established in 1917, six months after the US entered World War I.
Its location let the Army test weapons near the shipping and industrial centers that existed then. APG is home to Edgewood Arsenal which performs chemical research, including the disposal of toxins. Between 21,000 and 22,000 people work at APG, which makes it the largest employer in Harford County. They are a mix of soldiers, contract workers, and civilian employees working for the Department of the Army.
Over two thousand people live on the premises. They enjoy such benefits as a credit union, the APG Federal Credit Union, which serves eligible people in Cecil and Harford Counties. Children attend area public schools, as there are no schools on APG premises.
Fort Detrick is a U.S. Army Medical Command center in Frederick, Maryland. It was built in 1931 and it was called “Detrick Field” after the World War I flight surgeon Major Frederick L. Detrick. It was originally a small airport and later became a training facility for pilots. In 1943, the facility was renamed “Camp Detrick” and became the home of the U.S. Army Biological Warfare Laboratories (USBWL). Camp Detrick, which was renamed Fort Detrick in 1956, housed the USBWL until President Nixon had it shut down in 1969.
It is currently home to the National Interagency Biodefense Campus (NIBC), National Interagency Confederation for Biological Research (NICBR), National Cancer Institute-Frederick (NCI-Frederick), and the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC), with its bio-defense agency, the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID). As of 2008, around 7,900 people worked at Fort Detrick, which is the largest employer in Frederick. It does offer housing. There are no schools at Fort Detrick itself, so children attend area schools. An organization called Child, Youth and School Services (CYSS) helps employees chose the best school for their child.
Fort Meade began life in 1917 as a training camp called “Camp Annapolis Junction.” It was quickly renamed “Camp Admiral,” and later Fort Meade after the Civil War General George G. Meade who had commanded the Army of the Potomac.
Fort Meade is now an Army installation that is home to the Defense Courier Service, the United States Army Field Band, the Defense Information School, the National Security Agency, the Defense Media Activity, the Defense Information Systems Agency, and the United States Cyber Command. Over 56,000 people work at Fort Meade, and nearly 9,900 live there. It currently has the third largest workforce of any Army installation.
There are schools both at Fort Meade itself and in the area. The on-post schools serve children between kindergarten and 12th grade. Fort Meade also has a credit union.