Fort Irwin is a large training camp for the U.S. Army that is located in the Mojave Desert in California. While it wasn't known as Fort Irwin until 1961, the area has a long history an Army base. It was first used as an Army camp in the 1800s. Following discovery of borax and other materials (including gold) in the area, the camp blossomed over the years. In 1941, it was designated the Mojave Anti-Aircraft Range. It was renamed Camp Irwin in 1942. In just a few years, however, the camp was disbanded and put on the surplus list.
Updated: February 12, 2015
California is known for its sub-tropical climate and has the largest economy of the United States. The state’s rich history dates back to the gold rush, the founding of the film industry in Hollywood, and endures in the Silicon Valley tech industry. With regards to education, the University of California is widely regarded as the top university system in the world. According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities, Stanford is ranked number 2 and UC Berkeley number 4 as of 2014.
Located approximately 37 miles northeast of Barstow, California, surrounded by desert hills and mountains, is Fort Irwin. The site of the National Training Center (NTC), Fort Irwin maintains a small town atmosphere amid the peaceful desert surroundings; frequently hosting town hall meetings and other community forums. The Army has a rich history at Fort Irwin, beginning in 1844 with Captain John C. Fremont and Kit Carson establishing camp at the site. Camp Irwin acted as a popular supply center for early pioneers during the gold rush era. Presently, Fort Irwin’s terrain is invaluable in that soldiers can train in environments that simulate Iraq and Afghanistan.
What began as a Spanish Fort, founded by Sebastian Vizcaino in 1602, is now known as the Army Garrison Presidio of Monterey. Located on the scenic central coast of California, Presidio is home to the Defensive Language Institute Foreign Language Center (DLIFLC). One of the finest foreign language schools in the nation. DLIFLC offer instruction in two dozen languages. As part of it’s foreign language curriculum, DLIFLC designed the Immersion Program. The Immersion Program takes place at an off-site facility, where students and instructors spend between one to three days enacting real-life situations and are prohibited from speaking English.
Fort Hunter Liggett is located in southern Monterey County, California. A beautiful sub-tropical locale, surrounded by mountains, wildlife, and forests. Fort Hunter Liggett was used as a location for the filming of We Were Soldiers and Clear and Present Danger. The nearby Hacienda hotel serves both as a historic tourist destination and as lodging for guests of military personnel. Fort Hunter is a formidable training destination for armed services in the United States and abroad. Beginning in 2005, the Department of Defense issued recommendations titled “Base Realignment and Closure”, which called for Hunter Liggett to benefit from many improvements to the grounds. These include an improved landing strip, capable of handling large Air Force transport planes; and a 7-mile live fire convoy course, capable of handling 360-degree fire up to .50 caliber.